With the labor landscape facing transformative changes including a decline in the working population—due to the declining birthrate and population aging—and changes in job-hunting rules, improving the labor market through institutional design is becoming an urgent issue. For example, members of the research center  have already put forward specific proposals for improving the system by which medical residents are assigned to their positions, and we aim to pursue further research and implementations in collaboration with real-world institutions in this area. We also plan to engage in collaborative research with various public and private-sector organizations with a view to correcting the trend toward excessively early job hunting among graduates, improving mid-career hiring and the rehiring of people past retirement age, developing the market for mid-career leavers  with high career aspirations (career market design), and increasing human resources efficiency within companies and other organizations.